The Senate rejected this premise and said the agreement should include new greenhouse gas limit values for developing countries.) The IPCC and the Second World Climate Change Conference are calling for a global agreement on climate change. Negotiations by the UN General Assembly for a framework convention begin. In 2005, COP 11/CMP 1 was held in Montreal, Canada. This conference was the first to take place after the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol. The Annual Meeting of the Parties (COP) was complemented by the First Annual Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP). Countries that had ratified the UNFCCC but had not accepted the Kyoto Protocol had observers at the latter conference. But it requires frequent meetings between ratifying countries, known as the Conference of the Parties or COP. As of 2019, it has been ratified by 197 countries, including the United States. The first world conference on climate change, in 1979, made climate change a global political theme and similar conferences in 1985, 1987 and 1988.  In 1985, the Green Gas Advisory Group (AGGG) was established to make international policy recommendations on climate change and global warming.  At the 1988 Toronto Conference, climate change was proposed as almost as serious as a nuclear war and early targets for reducing CO2 emissions were discussed.  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is established. .